The Department of Pediatric Surgery at Oishei Children's Hospital (OCH) has a wide variety of research opportunities for individuals at various stages of medical training.  Opportunities exist for undergraduate and medical students as well as surgical residents and fellows.   Surgical residents are welcome to spend 1-2 years doing research in our department during their surgical residency.  Research areas include outcomes research, quality improvement, trauma, as well as basic science research.  OCH is also involved in several multicenter trials evaluating surgical care of neonates with inguinal hernias as well as surgical approach to neonates suffering from necrotizing enterocolitis.

Carroll M. Harmon, MD, PhD, Pediatric Surgeon-in-Chief, is internationally known for his groundbreaking work in pediatric minimally invasive surgery and surgical intervention in childhood obesity.  His is currently one of the principal investigators on a $10 million National Institutes of Health grant entitled, “Teen Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery.”  The purpose of the study is to assess the short- and long-term safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in adolescents compared to adults.   

Additional examples of our research projects include: 

  • “Utility of C-spine X-ray During Trauma Evaluation:  Clinical Decision Rules”
  • “Mechanical Complications of Tunneled Catheter Removal”
  • “Toradol and Effective of Pleurodesis in Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax”
  • “Building a Predictive Model for the need for face CT imaging for Maxillofacial Trauma”
  • “The Molecular Impact of Omega 3 Fatty Acids on Lipopolysaccharide Mediated Liver Damage”
  • “The Effect of Omega 3 Fatty Acids on Hepatic Proinflammatory Signaling”
  • "Developing a Teaching Tool for Pediatric Surgical Nurses: A Needs Assessment" 

Anyone interested in discussing research opportunities at OCH should contact Sarah Hoffman at (716) 323-6618.

2018 Pediatric Surgery Research Activities

Original Investigations

Cairo SB, Malemo Kalisya L, Bigabwa R, Rothstein DH. Characterizing pediatric surgical capacity in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: results of a pilot study. Pediatric Surgery International. 2018;34(3):343-351.

Arca MJ, Rangel SJ, Hall M, Rothstein DH, Blakely ML, Minneci PC, Shah SS, Heiss KF, Snyder CL, Berman L, Browne M, Vinocur CD, Raval MV, Goldin AB. Case volume and revisits in children undergoing gastrostomy tube placement. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2018; 65(2): 232-236. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001523.

Cairo SB, Fisher M, Clemency B, Cipparone C, Quist E, Bass KD. Prehospital education in triage for pediatric and pregnant patients in a regional trauma system without collocated pediatric and adult trauma centers. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.02.033.

Cairo SB, Agyei J, Nyavandu J, Rothstein DH, Kalisya LM. Neurosurgical management of hydrocephalus by a general surgeon in an extremely low resource setting: initial experience in North Kivu province of Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. 2018;34(4):467-473. Pediatric Surgery International. doi: 10.1007/s00383-018-4238-0.

Cairo SB, Tabak BD, Berman L, Berkelhamer SK, Yu G, Rothstein DH. Mortality after emergency abdominal operations in premature infants. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.01.009.

Michalsky MP, Inge TH, Jenkins TM, Xie C, Courcoulas A, Helmrath M, Brandt ML, Harmon CM, Chen M, Dixon JB, Urbina EM. Cardiovascular risk factors after adolescent bariatric surgery. Pediatrics. 2018;141(2). doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2485.

Zhao J, Bass KD. Complex Wound Healing by Extracellular Matrix Biologic Scaffold-assisted Skeletal Muscle Regeneration. Journal of Wound Care. Journal of Wound Care. 2018.

Reviews, Case Reports, Letters, Editorials, Miscellany

Cairo SB, Majumdar I, Pryor A, Posner A, Harmon CM, Rothstein DH. Challenges in Transition of Care for Pediatric Patients after Weight-Reduction Surgery: A Systematic Review and Recommendations for Comprehensive Care. Obesity Surgery. 2018;28(4):1149-1174. doi: 10.1007/s11695-018-3138-7.

Cairo SB, Gasior A, Rollins MD, Rothstein DH, on behalf of the Delivery of Surgical Care Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on surgery.  Challenges in Transition of Care for Patients with Anorectal Malformations: A Literature Review and Recommendations for Comprehensive Care. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum. 2018;61(3):390–399. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000001033.

Rothstein DH. Raval MV. Operating room efficiency. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. 2018; 27(2):79-85. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2018.02.004.

Reval MV. Rothstein DH. Preface. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. 2018; 27(2):65-66. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2018.02.001.

Calabro K, Raval M. Rothstein D. Importance of patient and family satisfaction in perioperative care. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. 2018; 27(2): 114-120. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2018.02.009.

Abstract Presentations/Posters
Academic Surgical Congress

January 20-February 1, 2018 in Jacksonville, FL

Cairo SB, Rothstein DH. Long Term Results of Cholecystectomy for Biliary Dyskinesia: Patient Outcomes and Resource Utilization ACGME MIS Exposure. (presentation)

Cairo SB, Rothstein DH. Minimally Invasive Surgical Exposure among U.S. and Canadian Pediatric Surgery Fellows, 2004-2016. (presentation)

Burke J, Cairo SB, Rothstein DR. Minimally Invasive Drainage of Large Subcutaneous Soft Tissue Abscesses: A Novel Technique. (presentation)

American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress

October 21-25, 2018 in Boston, MA

Cairo SB, Calabro KA, Bowdish E, Watt S, Harmon CM, Rothstein DH. Variation in Post-Operative Narcotic Prescribing after Pediatric Appendectomy. (poster)

Malemo Kalisya L, Fadhili Bake J, Elisee B, Nyavandu K, Perry R, Rothstein DH, Cairo SB. Cleft Lip and Palate in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: Retrospective Review of the General Surgeon Experience. (poster)

Cairo SB, Zeinali LI, Yoo EE, Berkelhamer SK, Rothstein DH. Travel Distance Required to Achieve Regionalization of Esophageal Atresia Repair in the United States. (poster)

Filipescu R, Bass KD. Improving the Performance of the Revised Trauma Score for Pediatric Trauma Patients using Shock Index and Oxygen Saturation. (presentation)

Filipescu R, Powers C, Dothstein DH, Harmon CM, Bass KD. Pediatric vs. Adult Trauma Centers: Closing the Gap in Non-Operative Management of Splenic Injuries – A National Trauma Data Bank Study. (presentation)