What is Neurofibromatosis?

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetic disorder that causes tumors to grow in the nervous system, and can greatly affect other organ systems as well. Typically, the tumors are benign (noncancerous), but they can sometimes malignant (cancerous). There are three types of neurofibromatosis:

  • Neurofibromatosis 1(NF1): Occurs roughly 1 in 3,000 births
  • Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2): Occurs roughly 1 in 25,000 births
  • Schwannomatosis: A rare disorder, occurring roughly 1 in 40,000 births
  • Tuberous Sclerosis: Occurs roughly 1 in 6,000 births